Dogecoin borrowed the Scrypt-based consensus mechanism from Litecoin, making DOGE share many features with Bitcoin and its other hard forks. The use of Scrypt in the Dogecoin Proof-of-Work (POW) algorithm prevents miners from using ASICs, the specialized hardware used to mine Bitcoins.
As with Bitcoin, the users who support the Dogecoin network use their computing resources to secure the network and create so-called “fuel” blocks in the process of verifying transactions. The difference is that Dogecoin has a “lighter” architecture that allows DOGE to process transactions faster than Bitcoin. Miners verify and confirm transactions and protect the network from potential attacks and fraud. One Dogecoin block is created every minute and the block reward is 10,000 DOGE.